One of the most common reasons individuals visit a dermatologist is to treat pigmentation on their faces, even though pigmentation is really simply a fancy word for a person’s natural skin tone.
Therefore, everything that makes the skin seem uneven, such as dark circles, acne markings, sun tan lines, or even freckles, falls under the category of pigmentation. This includes sun tanning and freckles.
When a person is well, their skin will have a typical appearance, but if they get sick or injured, the color of their skin may alter, either becoming lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation).
Pigmentation, its Forms, and Its Root Causes
Pigmentation may appear as several little spots that spread over huge regions and ultimately affect the whole body. Pigmentation is not the result of any kind of sickness that occurs deep inside the body. An example of this might be sunburn, tanning creams, or adverse reactions to medicine. Pigmentations come in a variety of forms, each of which may be classified according to the source of the condition in question:
Hyperpigmentation is either a prevalent ailment or, more accurately, a phrase that characterizes skin that looks darker. It is possible that hyperpigmentation is not a disease at all. Everyone, regardless of their skin type, can get it. The most noticeable signs of hyperpigmentation are darkened patches that appear on the surface of the skin.
The size of a patch might vary, and it can appear in any location on the body. Sun exposure and inflammation are two of the most significant risk factors for hyperpigmentation. This is because both of these conditions may boost melanin production.
Hyperpigmentation may take the form of age spots, melasma, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Age spots are the flat, tan, brown, or black patches that appear on the skin as we age and that may remain permanently. Age spots are very frequent in India, with over 10 million more individuals now joining the ranks of those affected each year. Treatment may be helpful, but there is no known cure for this ailment, and it is often possible for patients to diagnose themselves.
Melasma (https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/disedclinic.org)), commonly known as the “mask of pregnancy,” is one of the most significant factors that contribute to pigmentation. Because a significant number of pregnant women, women going through menopause, women on contraceptive pills or women taking any kind of hormonal treatment are likely to develop this pigmentation. This is also the case.
Pigmentation may occur anywhere on the face; however, the cheeks and nose are the most common locations for it to do so on women’s faces. However, pigmentation can also appear on other regions of the face. Therefore, this is a kind of pigmentation that requires a lot of attention and care from women.
Because a significant portion of it is determined by your hormones and genetics, both of which are factors that we are unable to alter. However, we do have some control over how much time we spend in the sun, which is particularly important to keep in mind if you have a history of developing melasma.
If you have been diagnosed with post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, there is no need for alarm since the condition is not nearly as difficult to understand as its name suggests. PIH will go away even if untreated. Because melanin synthesis is the root cause of these spots, the injured skin will eventually lose skin cells just like any other.
In most cases, PIH clears up on its own after a period of around two years. However, many patients will use skin pigmentation creams to assist in the process of evening the skin tone. Patients do not need to wait any longer to get help.
Melanin is the pigment that determines the color of one’s skin and is produced by the cells that are found in the skin. According to the findings of several pieces of study, vitamin A is essential for the production of melanin as well as the upkeep of healthy skin. Melanocytes, which are located in the deeper layers of the skin, are the primary source of melanin production. Melanin, together with the pigment carotene, is responsible for the coloration of the skin, eyes, and hair.
For instance, pigmentation or blackness beneath the eyes may occasionally be seen in even younger children as early as 15 or 16 years old. This condition is caused by genetics and is passed down from a member of the family.
Pigmentation also includes scars and blemishes, like chickenpox or pimple scars.